Paper cultures, paper cultures, paper cultures… After a week of trying to make a working shredded paper culture, Lauren, Eliza, and Joe are trying something different. In the past, Jolizen has made all of their endophyte cultures on agar, but now they are moving on. Today, they are trying to nail down a method for making broth cultures containing lignin and cellulose. The eventual goal is to isolate enzymes. Enzymes are proteins that can help break things, like paper, down into simple sugars. If we are successful, we will be able to grow our endophytes on a paper culture along with an enzyme in order to make biofuel!